When uric acid is present in large quantities in the bloodstream it can result in arthritis or gout. When it builds up in the fluids of your joints, it causes inflammation and pain, primarily affecting the toes and ankles.
Some foods contain a lot of purines that increase your level of uric acid in the bloodstream. Having regular blood tests and keeping a balanced diet are two of the keys to preventing this problem.
Foods that increase uric acid levels
These foods are rich in purines, so you should eat them in moderation if you have high uric acid levels. Among them are crabs, shrimp, oysters, clams, and mussels.
Foods from this group should be avoided both in fresh and canned forms, as even the processed shellfish can increase uric acid levels in the blood.
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This is the food that is most commonly responsible for an increase in uric acid levels. You should avoid it completely if you have a problem with this substance. Pork and beef both contain large amounts of purines. Fatty meats, minced meat, kidneys, and viscera are other culprits.
Lentils, chickpeas, and beans are known for their high concentrations of purines, so people with high uric acid levels should limit their consumption to only once or twice a week at most.
Some vegetables that you should eat in moderation or avoid if you have problems with uric acid include: asparagus, mushrooms, cauliflower, spinach, radishes, and leeks.
Beer is actually more harmful for people with high uric acid levels than shellfish or red meat. This is because it increase your body’s production of this acid and makes elimination more difficult. Experts recommend avoiding beer if you suffer from gout.
6-Sugary drinks and sweet desserts
Soft drinks and processed fruit juices contain corn syrup that will stimulate the production of uric acid. Also industrial pastries, cookies, cakes, and the like are loaded with sugar that will worsen your condition.
If you drink too much coffee it can be harmful for your health, so it’s best to drink only one or two cups a day at the most.
Symptoms of high uric acid levels
When your level gets very high you experience gout and kidney stones. The most common symptoms include:
- Pain in the big toe
- Intense pain and inflammation in the joints
- Difficulty urinating
- A racing pulse
- Pain in the knees
- Kidney stones
- Hard lumps around the joint areas
A doctor should make the correct diagnosis and prescribe a treatment regimen that will include changes to your diet.
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Treatments for high uric acid levels
The pain can be very bothersome, but there are certain things you can do to alleviate the problem, such as applying cold compresses to your sore joints.
- A doctor might prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications that can be a huge relief.
- They may recommend starting medications at low doses and increasing them over time, as prescribed.
- Your treatment may take between six to 12 months.
- During this period you should take care of your diet and get light to moderate exercise on a regular basis.
A sample diet to lower uric acid levels
This diet contains protein that mainly comes from dairy products and eggs. You can include rabbit as a source of meat if you like, which has a low purine content and low cholesterol.
- 1 cup of skim milk
- 2 slices of whole grain bread
- Mid morning snack
- 1 banana
- Gnocchi with tomato sauce
- Grilled corvine (white fish)
- Afternoon snack
- 1 slice of watermelon
- Eggplant parmesan
- Salad made with tomato, carrots, and basil
- You can mix the ingredients up however you like as long as you remember to balance protein, vegetables, fruits, and grains. Keep the fat content low.
Remember: this article is intended to be informative and should not substitute for a doctor’s recommendations.
They may also recommend a different diet if your uric acid levels are well above normal.
Take care of your health – it’s the most important thing you have! No one but you can do this.